Being mistreated or abused (sometimes called ‘Significant Harm’) is defined as sexual abuse, physical abuse, neglect or emotional abuse.
When an adult deliberately hurts a child, such as hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning, drowning or suffocating.
This would happen, for instance, when a child is all the time being unfairly blamed for everything, or told they are stupid and made to feel unhappy.
Where a child is not being looked after properly, for example, not getting enough to eat or being left alone in dangerous situations.
Examples of sexual abuse would be where a child has been forced to take part in sexual activities or in the taking of rude photos.
This is a form of abuse in which young people (boys or girls) are tricked or exploited into taking part in sexual activity for something. The something could be attention. love, food, cigarettes, drugs, alcohol or money.
E.g. calling names, damaging property, stealing, spreading rumours, cyberbullying, hurting, getting people into trouble.
When one adult in a family or relationship threatens, bullies or hurts another adult e.g. physically, emotionally, sexually or financially.